The Penalty Kick: FIFA Laws 13 & 14


FIFA Laws 13 & 14 of Football (2015-16)





Introduction

Over the years, there have been a lot of controversies surrounding penalty awards in important football matches. These have occurred in the UEFA Champions' League as well as others.


A penalty kick is awarded against a team that commits one of the ten offences. These are offences for which a direct free kick is awarded. It takes place inside its own penalty area and while the ball is in play.

 
A goal may be scored directly from a penalty kick.


Additional time is allowed for a penalty kick to be taken at the end of each half or at the end of periods of extra time.



Position of the ball and the players



Must be placed on the penalty mark.


The player taking the penalty kick:

Must be properly identified.


The defending goalkeeper:

Must remain on his goal line, facing the kicker, between the goalposts until the ball has been kicked.


The players other than the kicker must be located:

Inside the field of play;

Outside the penalty area;

Behind the penalty mark.

They must stay at least 9.15m (10 yds) from the penalty mark.



Procedure


After the players have taken positions in accordance with this Law, the referee signals for the penalty kick to be taken.


The player taking the penalty kick must kick the ball forward.

He must not play the ball again until it has touched another player.

The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward.


When a penalty kick is taken during the normal course of play, or time has been extended at half-time or full time to allow a penalty kick to be taken or retaken, a goal is awarded. This is if, before passing between the goalposts and under the crossbar:

 
The ball touches either or both of the goalposts and/or the crossbar and/or the goalkeeper. 


The referee decides when a penalty kick has been completed.


 
Infringements and sanctions


 
If the referee gives the signal for a penalty kick to be taken. If before the ball is in play, one of the following occurs:


* The player taking the penalty kick infringes the Laws of the Game:

The referee allows the kick to be taken.


If the ball enters the goal, the kick is retaken;

If the ball does not enter the goal, the referee stops play. The match is then restarted with an indirect free kick to the defending team. This will be from the place where the infringement occurred. 


* The goalkeeper infringes the Laws of the Game:

The referee allows the kick to be taken.


If the ball enters the goal, a goal is awarded;

If the ball does not enter the goal, the kick is retaken. 


* A team-mate of the player taking the kick infringes the Laws of the Game:

The referee allows the kick to be taken:


If the ball enters the goal, the kick is retaken;

 
Assuming the ball fails to enter the goal, the referee will stop play. The match will be restarted with an indirect free kick to the defending team. This will be from the place where the infringement occurred. 


* A team-mate of the goalkeeper infringes the Laws of the Game:


The referee allows the kick to be taken.

If the ball enters the goal, a goal is awarded;

If the ball does not enter the goal, the kick is retaken.


* A player of both the defending team and the attacking team infringe the Laws of the Game:

The kick is retaken.


If, after the penalty kick has been taken:

The kicker touches the ball again (except with his hands) before it has touched another player:

An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team. The kick will be taken from the place where the infringement occurred.


The kicker deliberately handles the ball before it has touched another player:

A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team. This will be taken from the place where the infringement occurred.


The ball is touched by an outside agent as it moves forward (Ref: Law 13 - Position of free kick):

The kick is retaken.


The ball rebounds into the field of play from the goalkeeper, the crossbar or the goalposts and is then touched by an outside agent:

The referee stops play.

Play is restarted with a dropped ball at the place where it touched the outside agent. This will happen unless it touched the outside agent inside the goal area. In that case the referee drops the ball. This will be on the goal area line parallel to the goal line at the point nearest to where the ball was located when play was stopped.


N.B. The 2022 Fifa World Cup in Qatar is gradually approaching. Football officials/administrators, players and the fans are already getting in the mood. However, sound knowledge of the provisions of FIFA Laws 13 & 14 of Football (2015-16) is essential to avoid unnecessary controversies.